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But take the time to find your own pace amid the bustle and Cusco may prove to be the unexpected highlight of your trip to Peru.Sitting high in a mountain valley at 3,400 meters above sea level, Cusco provides an enchanting introduction to the world of the Andes.The Inca rebels are able to repel the attack, but Manco Inca decides to retreat to Vilcabamba.1572 AD – Upon the orders of the Viceroy Francisco Toledo, the last Inca king Tupac Amaru I is captured in Vilcabamba and transported to Cusco where he is beheaded upon a scaffold on the Plaza de Armas in front of a crowd of thousands.16th-18th centuries – Cusco becomes an economic node of the southern Andes as well as the frontline for the religious evangelization and acculturation of indigenous populations.The result of these efforts is a syncretism of beliefs and practices that remains evident in Cusco’s architecture, art and cultural traditions.
Separate areas were designated for agriculture, artisanry, and industry.1527 AD – The death of Huayna Capac, 11th Inca king, sparks a war of succession between his sons Huascar (based in Cusco) and Atahualpa (based in Ecuador).
After the Conquest, colonial buildings were erected on Inca foundations.
Notable examples of this hybrid architecture include Santo Domingo Church atop of Qorikancha and the Jesuit Church atop the palace of Huayna Capac on the Plaza de Armas.
After an initial victory, Condorcanqui was captured in Tinta and executed on the Plaza de Armas in Cusco.
However, this rebellion inspired other revolts across the Americas eventually leading to the movement for independence from Spain.1814 AD – The indigenous cacique Mateo Pumacahua from Chinchero and the brothers Angulo from Cusco organize a rebellion against Spanish rule, declaring the autonomy of Cusco, establishing a junta government, and leading military campaigns to liberate Arequipa, Puno, and Huamanga.